BE SEEN GET SCREENED
Stop Colon Cancer Now
Colon cancer is the third deadliest form of cancer in the United States, but it is 90 percent preventable.
Colon cancer can often affect individuals with no family history and there are often no symptoms associated with colon cancer.
Stop Colon Cancer Now - Get Screened Today!
Cancer screening exams are medical tests done when you’re healthy, and you don’t have any signs of illness. Cancer Screening for all cancers is importance for those who have family members who have been diagnosed with cancer. They help find cancer early, when the chances of successfully treating the disease are greatest. (MD Anderson recommends screening exams for these cancers:)
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Colon Cancer: Facts & Figures
Note: Articles and Publications Resources: Get Seen - Get Screened, Mayo Clinic, Colon Cancer Alliance, American Cancer Institute, National Cancer Institute, and others. We hope to inspire, educate and empowered you…One Day at a Time!
[Please note the information provided above is informational only. Please read our Disclaimer]
What causes colon cancer?
While there is no specific cause of colon cancer, certain factors can increase your risk of developing the disease.
These can include:
• Age 50 or older
• Family history
• Genetic alterations- 5% to 10% of all cancers are inherited
• A diet rich in fat and red meat
• Heavy alcohol use
• Cigarette smoking
• Obesity, diabetes, and lack of exercise
Everyone is different, and not all people who have a risk of colon cancer will develop the disease. Even if you have no family history of colon cancer, keep in mind individuals who are younger than 50 but whose lifestyle includes the risk factors listed above should consider getting screened. If you are at risk of colon cancer, it’s important to talk to your doctor about regular screenings.
People who get often screened are more likely to have their diseases found and treated in its early stages. If you wait until you see symptoms, there’s a good chance the cancer is already in its later stages and much harder to treat and cure. Waiting until symptoms occur can mean diagnosis at a later stage, when your chance of surviving is much lower.
The Survival Rate:
Stage I - 94% | Stage II - 82% | Stage III - 67% | Stage IV - 11%
Regular colon cancer screenings are essential for finding and removing polyps before they can develop into cancer.
Colorectal Cancer: What Is It?
Not including skin cancer, colorectal cancer is the third most frequently diagnosed cancer in men and women and the second highest cause of cancer deaths in the U.S. When found early, it is highly curable. This type of cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow in the lining of the large intestine (colon) or rectum. Learn more about who gets colorectal cancer, how it is detected, and what the latest treatments can accomplish.
Risk Factors You Can't Control. Your risk of colorectal cancer depends on genetics and lifestyle. Factors you can't control include:
• Age -- most patients are older than 50
• Polyps or inflammatory bowel disease
• Family history of colorectal cancer
• History of ovarian or breast cancer
Risk Factors You Can Control
Some factors that raise the risk of colorectal cancer are within your control:
• Diet high in red or processed meats or meats cooked at high temperatures
• Being overweight (excess fat around the waist)
• Exercising too little
• Smoking or drinking alcohol
Staging Colorectal Cancer:
If the cancer is detected, it will be "staged," a process of finding out how far the cancer has spread. Tumor size may not correlate with the stage of cancer. Staging also enables your doctor to determine what type of treatment you will receive.
• Stage 0 -- Cancer is only in the innermost lining of the colon or rectum.
• Stage I -- Cancer has not spread beyond the inner wall of the colon or rectum.
• Stage II -- Cancer has spread into the muscle layer of the colon or rectum.
• Stage III -- Cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes in the area.
• Stage IV -- Cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the liver, lung, or bones...this stage does NOT depend on how deep the tumor has penetrated or if the disease has spread to the lymph nodes near the tumor.
Preventing Colorectal Cancer: Diet
There are steps you can take dramatically to reduce your odds of developing colorectal cancer. Researchers estimate that eating a nutritious diet, getting enough exercise, and controlling body fat could prevent 45% of colorectal cancers. .
THE FACTS -
* Colon cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the UnitedStates
* Each year, nearly 150,000 Americans are diagnosed with colon cancer
* Colon cancer affects men and women equally
* If detected and treated Early, colon cancer is up to 90% curable
* There are currently more than one million colon cancer survivors in the U.S.
What are My Screening Options?
With a number of different ways to screen, it’s time to come out of hiding and be confident when it comes to your health.
Here’s a short explanation of the five most common screening methods.
1. Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) |
These noninvasive screening methods use the patient’s stool sample to detect the presence of microscopic amounts of blood in the stool, a possible indication of colon cancer. This type of cancer detection is not always reliable, because there are other conditions that can cause blood in the stool, and bleeding may be intermittent.
2. Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)
A fecal occult blood test (also called stool guaiac or hemoccult test) is used to examine stool for traces of blood that can not be seen with the naked eye. This test can detect bleeding from almost anywhere in the digestive tract, and can come out positive in the presence of one of several conditions, including colorectal cancer, esophagitis, gastritis, stomach cancer, ulcerative colitis
Colonoscopy is routinely recommended for adults once they reach the age of 50 to detect precancerous growths (polyps) and all stages of cancer within the large intestine. This procedure allows physicians to visualize the inside of the colon, remove polyps, and take biopsy tissue samples for further examination.
4. CT Colonography:
A less invasive way to screen which uses computer software to create a high-tech picture of the inside of the colon and rectum so doctors can see if cancer has started to grow there.
5. Flexible Sigmoidoscopy:
This test uses a sigmoidoscope—a flexible tube with a small camera and light that is inserted through the rectum and into the colon in order to see if any growths are present.